A pediatric cardiologist is a pediatrician who has received extensive training in diagnosing and treating children's cardiac problems. Evaluation and treatment may begin with the fetus since heart problems can now be detected before birth. The Pediatric cardiologists face few challenging cases in their career. Those real life cases are a medium for the cardiology trainees to learn & grow. The identity of the patients is always altered or remains hidden. The cases are featured because most of them involve a diagnostic or therapeutic dilemma. Open-heart surgery is a surgery performed on heart that require a patient being placed on the heart-lung bypass machine
The heart can be stopped with a solution called "cardioplegia", which is a cold, high-potassium solution and protects the heart muscle while it is stopped. The heart itself can then be opened and repair can be accomplished in a bloodless, still environment. Pediatric Pericarditis can be referred to as the infection involving the pericardium and leads to accumulation of pericardial effusion that, if untreated, can lead rapidly to hemodynamic collapse, tamponade, and death. The fluid is generally purulent but can be serosanguineous. Tachycardia & Bradycardia are the two very basic forms of Arrhythmia. Tachycardia is the medical condition in which the heart rate is faster than normal. The heart rate in the upper chambers or lower chambers of the heart, or both is increases. In bradycardia the heart rate is slower than normal. The condition can be serious if the heart fails to pump enough oxygen-rich blood to the body.