Kampo medicine often known simply as Kampo Chinese medicine, is the study of traditional Chinese medicine in Japan following its introduction, beginning in the 7h century. Since then, the Japanese have created their own unique system of diagnosis and therapy. Japanese traditional medicine uses most of the Chinese therapies including acupuncture and moxibustion, but Kampo in its present-day sense is primarily concerned with the study of herbs. Diagnostic and treatment systems used in Kampo are distinctly different than those used in ayurvedic medicine, homeopathy, Western herbalism, naturopathic medicine and other natural therapy modalities.
Kampo includes most of the traditional Chinese medicine modalities including acupuncture, moxibustion (heat therapy), Anma (or Tuina, an ancient massage technique and the basis of Shiatsu therapy), diet, and herbal medicine. Today in Japan, Kampo integrated into the Japanese national health care system. In 1967, the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare approved four Kampo medicines for reimbursement under the National Health Insurance (NHI) program. In 1976, 82 Kampo medicines were approved by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. This number has increased to 148 Kampo formulation extracts, 241 crude drugs, and 5 crude drug preparations.